The Burval Name and Family Lines

The Burval surname is very rare and of distinct Czech origin with the name first appearing in early 1600 Czech records. Czech Records prior to 1600 do not contain surnames, only first names. The earliest record of this family was found in the 1575 land books of the Town of Polička in the Czech Republic. These records show Vašek of Trhonice (c1525-c1575 ) to be the owner of a small farm in the village of Trhonice. Vašek's son, Vitek of Trhonic(c1550-1593) inherited the farm in 1575. These same land records show Vitek died in 1593, leaving orphan son Jan (c1575- ) heir to the farm. In 1594 Jan married Markéta Gzmplová of the nearby village of Sedliště. Later land record entries show Ondřej Buřvala, Řehoř Buřvala and Valentin Buřvala, as sons of Jan Buřval of Trhonice entering into marriage contracts in 1627, 1634 and 1641 respectively. This is the one of the earliest use of the Buřval surname that we have encountered. The name is consistently found in 1600 to 1800 Czech Church records spelled as Buržwal or Buržwala. Beginning in the early 1800's through today the name is found as Buřval, using the v instead of the w and ř instead of the rž. Other than these variations, the spelling is very consistent, which is remarkable for records spanning several hundred years. This consistency in spelling and rarity of the name provides considerable assurances that when that name is found in a record the person found is a member of this family. The name is spelled with a hacek accent mark over the r in the Czech Republic and in the United States the hacek mark is not used. We estimate that in the Czech Republic there are less than 300 living people with the Buřval surname and in the United States there are less than 30 living persons with that surname.

Our work to date shows two Burval family lines. One we call the Burval's of Polička and the second the Burval's of Chrudim. The Burval Family of Polička all appear to descend from one person, Vašek of Trhonice (c1525-1575). The Burval Families of Chrudim do not appear until the 1690's in the area of Chrudim which is about 30 miles northwest of Polička. The oldest Burval's we have documented from the Chrudim area is Jan Buřval (c1675- ) of the village of Kostelec u Heřmanova Městce and Václav Buřval (c1665- ) of the village of Bylany. Unfortunately, we have not been able to link the Polička and Chrudim family lines to each other. As a result we present them as separate families in the genealogies below. However, because these families originate in the same district of Bohemia within 30 miles of each other we suspect that they may be related.

The two family lines are:  (Click on the family line to go to that family's introduction page)